The baby’s elevated insulin production causes a region of the brain responsible for feelings of fullness to not completely develop. Consequently, the individual’s will face frequent hunger pangs throughout their life which increase their risk of diabetes and obesity. It’s difficult to diagnose fetal macrosomia in the womb because conclusions about the fetal’s weight cannot be made from an ultrasound image. To receive a more reliable diagnosis besides regular weight measurements, the mother's girth and symphysis fundal height are essential.
- Today in many western industrialised countries, every tenth newborn suffers from fetal macrosomia.
- Indications of fetal macrosomia include a mother's girth of more than 43 inches and a symphysis fundal height of more than 15 3/4 inches in the 40th week of pregnancy.